Types of monitor connectors

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VGA

Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the one that you will find on any PC monitor and almost all modern televisions. It uses a 15 pin connector.

  • Transmits analogue signals
  • Maximum resolution : 2048 x 1536 @85Hz
  • If you can, don’t use it!

VGA

DVI

Digital Video Interface (DVI) is one designed to transmit uncompressed digital video. However, it can also handle analogue as it comes in 3 different modes: DVI-I, DVI-D and DVI-A.

DVI-I (DVI-Integrated)

  • It has the pins to allow it to work with both digital and analogue signals
  • Transmits in digital

Comes in two types :

  • Maximum Resolution : 1920 x 1200 @60Hz
  • Maximum Resolution : 2560 x 1600 @60Hz

DVI-D (DVI-Digital)

It is a digital only cable meaning that there is no support for analogue technologies, like VGA, without a signal converter.

Comes in two types :

  • Maximum Resolution : 1920 x 1200 @60Hz
  • Maximum Resolution : 2560 x 1600 @60Hz

DVI-A (DVI-Analogue)

It is a analogue only cable meaning that there is no support for digital technologies without a signal converter.

DVI DVI

HDMI

High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) is the one that pretty much everyone will have heard of as it is a common connector found on TV’s and PC monitors and some graphics cards support it.

  • Multi-channel Audio support
  • Superior color depth
  • Ethernet connectivity
  • High Dynamic range (HDR)
  • Wide video format
  • Maximum Resolution : 4K @30Hz (HDMI 1.4), 4K @60Hz (HDMI 2.0)

HDMI

Display Port

DisplayPort comes in one, two and four-link versions with increasing data capacities,

  • 4K @60Hz (Displayport 1.2), 8K @60Hz (Displayport 1.3)
  • Multiple video streams
  • Audio support
  • Network support
  • stereoscopic 3D
  • 21:9 Aspect Ratio
  • Adaptive sync (Displayport 1.3)

Display Port